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Here’s what we saw when we opened a wheat plant to see the head (seed structure). It’s too early to confirm yields and what the effect might be from the three late freezes, but so far, so good. The yield is measured by bushel. For wheat, each bushel is figured at 60 pounds of wheat seeds.

Winter Wheat Head in Late April

Winter Wheat Head in Late April

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April 30, 2013

This trusting farmer and his self-service hay bale shed are located on highway 17, south of Hutchinson, Kan. A conscience and an old farm dog on patrol keep a person honest. I admire his faith in the trustworthiness of neighbors and strangers.

"On Your Honor" Hay

“On Your Honor” Hay

Good news, we think. The temperatures didn’t go below 29 degrees last night. That’s a little buffer above the 24-degree mark, where K-State Extension says the real damage occurs at this stage. Plus, the freezing rain was more moisture.

The frozen wheat of yesterday looks a more cheery version of crystallized this morning. Here’s a view from across the road.

Winter Wheat Field, April 2013

Winter Wheat Field, April 2013

Winter Wheat, April 2013

Winter Wheat, April 2013

 

A spring threat has become a reality. Our wheat crop is coated with ice. This is not good news for a plant that is out of dormancy and growing. The crop at this stage of growth is referred to as jointing. This chart from the University of Illinois Extension shows the different stages.

wheat2

The smart folks at our own state Extension Service  (Kansas State University) describe the effect of freezing temperatures at the jointing stage:

  • Approximate injurious temperature for two hours: -24 F.
  • Primary Symptoms: Death of growing point; leaf yellowing or burning; lesions, splitting, or bending of lower stem; odor
  • Yield effect: Moderate to severe

We do expect some reduction in yield, but it’s hard to predict much beyond that. Modern seed varieties are nothing short of amazing in their ability to survive extremes. The same could be said for the farmer and his crops.

For now, we’ll keep one eye on the fields and another on the temperature gauge.

Winter Wheat, April 2013

Winter Wheat, April 2013

Winter Wheat Field, April 2013

Winter Wheat Field, April 2013

Gloomy skies may not be good for the soul, but they are good for our wheat fields right now. The wheat plants have broken their winter dormancy. We want the growth now to be steady, not speeded up by unseasonably warm temperatures.

We’re still worried about the drought, so we were glad for yesterday’s mist and snow flurries. Today, a surprise snow storm blew in. It’s hard to tell how much snow we received because of the drifting. Maybe about three inches or so. This latest moisture will definitely help, especially since the wheat is now growing.

We’re still way behind in terms of moisture, however. The National Drought Mitigation Center says Kansas needs 12 to 16 inches of water to fully recover from the drought. This state has crazy weather, so hope that doesn’t come all at once!

Take a look at month 6:

Winter Wheat Field, March 2013

Winter Wheat Field, March 2013

Winter Wheat, March 2013

Winter Wheat, March 2013

Calling All Eaters

March 19, 2013

Happy Ag Day everyone!

I thought I’d share the presentation I did for TEDxICT last year, “Calling All Eaters.” Hope it provides some insights into ways we all can connect with agriculture.

As the U.S. Department of Agriculture says, “Every family needs a farmer.” I’d like to add that every farmer needs a family. Together, we feed the world.

Also, here’s a link to the slides in the talk, http://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=7341369&trk=tab_pro.

Thanks for reading and watching.

Snow. Lots of it. That’s what is blanketing our wheat as we close out month five. We had two blizzards in five days with about 18 inches of total snowfall. 18 inches of snow doesn’t translate into 18 inches of water. However, even on the conservative side, we received several inches of desperately needed moisture.

What’s even better is that the temperatures have stayed slightly above freezing during the day. That has allowed the snow to melt slowly and seep into the ground and not just run off into the ditches.

The timing was great as the wheat will come out of dormancy within the next few weeks.

It’s nice to feel a little optimism about the crop. And, as my 11-year-old farmer says,”Kansas has never looked this clean.”

Take a look at month five.

Kansas Winter Wheat Field, February 2013

Kansas Winter Wheat Field, February 2013

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